In keeping players from earning their market value, this controversial clause was in essence a form of controlled competition. Without a union or any real form of leverage, the players had to accept the wages the owners were willing to pay them. Within four years, the reserve clause would be expanded to apply to all members of the team.
In the early 1890's Byron Bancroft Johnson was a sports writer for the Cincinnati newspaper, The Commercial- Gazette.
His position allowed him to make several acquaintances within the baseball community, including the manager of the Cincinnati Reds, Charles Comiskey.
As their friendship developed, Johnson and Comiskey would share a common dislike: the dirty and rowdy play of the National League. In November of 1893, based upon a recommendation by Charles Comiskey and Reds owner John T. Brush, Ban Johnson was hired as President of the Western League. After taking office, Ban Johnson began implimenting changes in the league such as upholding authority to the