1919 Black Sox.com

GEORGE BECHTEL: On June 10,1876 George Bechtel of the Louisville Grays wired teammate Jim Devlin a message stating "We can make $500 if you lose the game today." When the Louisville team discovered the plot, Bechtel was given the choice of resigning or being expelled. He was expelled. (photo courtesy VCBC-issue #35).
WILLIAM COX: Owner of the Philadelphia Phillies, Cox was accused of placing 15-20 bets on the Phillies in the early part of the 1943 season. On November 18,1943 he resigned his position and on November 22 he was permanently suspended by Commissioner Landis. The next day, Cox admitted in a "Goodbye to Baseball" radio broadcast that he place bets on the Phillies unaware of Rule 21(d)2.
BILL CRAVER: Although not directly involved in Louisville scandal of 1877, Bill Craver refused to cooperate with team officials during the investigation and was ultimately expelled from baseball. Craver became Police Officer after his baseball career.
JOSEPH CREAMER: New York Giants team doctor who offered $2,500 to umpire Bill Klem for a playoff victory against Chicago in 1908. National League President Harry Pulliam investigated the incident and banished Creamer for life.

JIM DEVLIN: Louisville pitcher and participant in Louisville scandal of 1877. On 8-31 and 9-1-1877, the Vice President of the Louisville Grays received two anonymous telegrams advising of Louisville's pending losses. Shortly after the losses, team officials confronted Devlin and demanded a written confession. Before Devlin could confess, teammate George Hall came forward and implicated Devlin and Al Nichols. All three players were terminated and were formally banished during the Winter Meetings of 1877. After his playing career, Devlin moved to Philadelphia and became a police officer.

THOMAS DEVYR: Shortstop for the 1865 New York Mutuals. Devyr and two teammates accepted $100 each in exchange for throwing the September 28th game against the Brooklyn Eckfords. All three players claimed they were victims of a "wicked conspiracy" and were banished from baseball. Devyr would quickly be reinstated by the Mutuals.

COZY DOLAN: Coach of New York Giants who was implicated by Giants outfielder Jimmy O'Connell in a plot to offer Philadelphia Phillies shortstop Heinie Sand $500 to throw the game of September 27,1924. When questioned by Comissioner Landis, Dolan's response to each question was "I don't remember." On October 1,1924 Commissioner Landis announced that Dolan and O'Connell were both expelled from professional baseball. Dolan made several attempts to be reinstated, but was denied each time.

"SHUFFLIN" PHIL DOUGLAS: Late in the 1922 season, Douglas had a heated argument with his manager John McGraw. Still angered over the argument, Douglas then wrote a letter to St. Louis Cardinal outfielder Les Mann. The letter, which in part stated "I don't want this guy (McGraw) to win the pennant...if I stay I will win the pennant for him. Talk it over with the boys and if it's alright send the goods to my house and I'll go fishing." The letter would find it's way to Commissioner Landis' desk. On August 16,1922, Phil Douglas was expelled from professional baseball.
ED DUFFY: Third baseman involved in the 1865 New York Mutuals scandal. Duffy and two teammates were paid $100 by gambler Kane McLoughlin to lose the September 28 game against the Brooklyn Eckfords. He and teammate William Wansley were both reinstated on November 30,1870.
RAY FISHER: In 1921 the Cincinnati Reds cut Ray Fisher's salary by $1,000. Dissatisfied with his new contract, Fisher asked for his release, then quit to coach baseball at the University of Michigan. For his offense, Fisher was placed on permanent ineligibility status by Commissioner Landis. In the 1960's Fisher returned to baseball as a spring training instructor for the Braves and Tigers. In 1980 Comissioner Bowie Kuhn reinstated Ray Fisher as a "retired player in good standing."
HORACE FOGEL: Longtime sportswriter for the Sporting News and owner of the Philadelphia Phillies (1909-1912). During the 1912 season, Fogel accused the National League and it's umpires of favoring the New York Giants and claimed that the pennant race was "crooked." In November 1912, the National League Board of Directors banned Fogel from professional baseball for life.
JOE GEDEON: Second baseman of the St. Louis Browns who was present during a meeting with gamblers as they were discussing the plot to throw the 1919 World Series. Gedeon would later be called as a witness in the Black Sox trial, and subsequently be released by the Browns. Joe Gedeon played minor league ball in 1921 and on November 3, Commissioner Landis placed Gedeon on permanent ineligibility status for "having guilty knowledge" of the World Series fix.
HEINIE GROH: Along with Reds teammate Edd Roush, Groh held out for a pay raise at the beginning of the 1921 season. Roush would resign with the Reds, but 10 days into the season, Groh was placed on Landis ineligible list. In mid-June the Reds attempted to trade Groh, but Landis voided the deal. Landis would approve Groh's reinstatement "on the express condition that Groh joins the Cincinnati team immediately and remains with it throughout the (1921) season." Groh was back in the Reds lineup two days later.
GEORGE HALL: Involved in the Louisville scandal of 1877. Hall was the first player to admit wrongdoing and implicated teammates Jim Devlin and Al Nichols. All three were formally expelled during the Winter Meetings of 1877.

RICHARD HIGHAM: Player (1871-1880), manager (1874) turned umpire in 1881. In 1882, Detroit Wolverines baseball owner and city Mayor, William Thompson became suspicious of Highams constant umpiring calls against the Detriot ballclub. Thompson hired a private investigator to monitor Higham's activities. A letter written by Higham to a well-known gambler was discovered. The incriminating letter advises the gambler when to bet on Detriot. Higham was confronted by team owners who banished him from professional baseball.

STEVE HOWE: Having six prior suspensions for drug abuse, lefthanded pitcher Steve Howe was permanently expelled from organized baseball on July 24,1992 by Commissioner Fay Vincent. (Howe pled guilty to trying to purchase cocaine sixteen days earlier.) Howe's suspension was overturned by arbritator George Nicolau in November 1992. Steve Howe then resumed his pitching career with the New York Yankees and retired from baseball in 1996.

FERGUSON JENKINS: Became the first player in baseball history to be permanently suspended from baseball for a drug related offense. Jenkins was arrested in Toronto, Canada on August 25,1980 for possession of illegal drugs. Fourteen days after the arrest, Commissioner Bowie Kuhn expelled Jenkins from organized baseball. In an unprecedented decision, arbritator Raymond Goetz reinstated Jenkins on September 22,1980. Ferguson Jenkins was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1991.

BENNY KAUFF: New York Giants outfielder that was arrested with his brother in December, 1919 for auto theft. Both were formally acquitted on May 13,1921. It was Commissioner Landis' opinion that Kauff was "no longer a fit companion for other ballplayers" and expelled him from the game.

DICKIE KERR: In 1922 the Chicago White Sox cut Dickie Kerr's salary by $500. Dissatisfied with his new contract, Kerr asked for his release, then quit. For his offense, Kerr was placed on the permanent ineligible list by Commissioner Landis. In 1925 Dickie Kerr applied for reinstatment. Under an agreement, Kerr would be reinstated if he agreed to play one season on probation with either South Bend, Indiana or Kalamazoo. Kerr played for South Bend and in August 1925, was reinstated. Kerr signed a contract with his former team, the Chicago White Sox. Dickie played in 12 games and was 0-1. Dickie Kerr retired at the end of the 1927 season.

LEE MAGEE: Played for the Chicago Cubs as a utility infielder in 1919. Although Magee was signed through the 1920 season with the Cubs, he would be released just before opening day. Magee sued the Cubs for his 1920 salary and lost. During the trial, court testimony proved Magee had fixed games and collected on bets. Lee Magee was then permanently suspended by Commissioner Landis. (photo courtesy CHS s061488).

MICKEY MANTLE: On February 2,1983, Yankees Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle accepted a greeter position at the Claridge Resort Casino in Atlantic City. The next day, Commissioner Bowie Kuhn placed Mantle on permanent suspension status. On March 18,1985, Mantle and Hall of Famer Willie Mays were reinstated by Commissioner Peter Uberroth.

WILLIE MAYS: After being inducted into the baseball Hall of Fame in 1979, Willie Mays accepted a job as a greeter for an Atlantic City casino. Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn then placed Mays on permanent suspension status. On March 18,1985, Mays and Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle were reinstated by Commissioner Peter Uberroth.

AL NICHOLS: Involved in the Louisville scandal of 1877. During the teams' investigation, Louisville officials discovered Nichols was the player the gamblers were contacting via telegram for the fixing of games. On December 5,1877, Al Nichols, Jim Devlin and George Hall's expulsion were confirmed by the National League.

JIMMY O'CONNELL: New York Giants outfielder that offered Philadelphia Phillies shortstop Heinie Sand $500 to throw game of September 27,1924. When questioned by Comissioner Landis, O'Connell admitted making Sand the offer. O'Connell explained he made the offer on behalf of coach Cozy Dolan. Four days later, Commissioner Landis announced that Jimmy O'Connell and Cozy Dolan were permanently suspended from professional baseball.
EUGENE PAULETTE: In the early part of the 1919 season, St. Louis Cardinal firstbaseman Eugene Paulette accepted gifts/loans from local gamblers. Days before the start of the 1921 season, Paulette, who was now a member of the Philadelphia Phillies was expelled from baseball by Commissioner Landis. Landis explained that Paulette had "offered to betray his team, and put himself in the vicious power of gamblers."(photo courtesy University of South Alabama)

PETE ROSE: All-time hit leader Pete Rose was investigated in early 1989 by attorney John Dowd for allegations of gambling on baseball games. The "Dowd Report" relied heavily on statements from bookmaker Ron Peters and an unemployed salesman named Paul Janszen. Both men testified that Rose bet on baseball games. Based on the findings in the Dowd Report, Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti permanently suspended Pete Rose from professional baseball on August 24,1989. In January 2004, seven years after applying for reinstatement, Pete Rose released the book "My Prison Without Bars." In it he admits to gambling on baseball, stating "I didn't think I'd get caught." Commissioner Bud Selig has yet to make a final ruling on Roses' reinstatement application. (photo courtesy Jim Commentucci).
GEORGE STEINBRENNER: In an effort to avoid a contractual agreement with former Yankee outfielder Dave Winfield, Yankee Owner Gerorge Steinbrenner paid admitted gambler Howie Spira $40,000 to "dig up dirt" on Winfield. As a result, Steinbrenner would be given a lifetime suspension on July 30,1990 by Commissioner Fay Vincent. On July 24,1992, Vincent announced that Steinbrenner had been reinstated and could resume control of the Yankees beginning March 1,1993.
OSCAR WALKER: Expelled for contract jumping. Walker originally signed with St. Paul for the 1877 season, but then joined the Manchester ballclub, who expelled him on September 2,1877. On December 5,1877, during the Winter Meetings, Oscar Walker's expulsion was confirmed by the National League.

WILLIAM WANSLEY: William Wansley was the catcher for the New York Mutuals in 1865. He was one of three members of the team that was paid $100 to throw the September 28th game against the Brooklyn Eckfords. Wansley was charged with six passed balls in the game as the Mutuals were defeated 23-11. Banned from baseball for this incident, Wansley would be reinstated on November 30,1870.


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